The Latin words lectio divina, which mean
"divine reading" or "spiritual reading," refer to the slow,
meditative reading of a passage from Scripture. It is a form of
prayer that focuses on listening and responding to God's word.
Lectio divina is traditionally characterized by four
movements: lectio (reading), meditatio
(meditation), oratio (prayer), and contemplatio
There is no standard way of doing lectio divina, but
the following method has proven helpful to beginners.
- Read (Lectio): Read a passage from Scripture. "Listen"
to God's word. Gather the facts. Does a particular word or phrase
speak to you?
- Reflect (Meditatio): Read the passage again. Reflect
on the passage as a whole or on a particular phrase. What is God
saying to you?
- Respond (Oratio): Read the Scripture once again.
Respond to God with your heart. What do you want to say to
- Rest (Contemplatio*): Read the selection a final time.
Rest in God's presence for a few minutes.
* Strictly speaking, contemplation is a gift of grace that
depends on the movement of the Holy Spirit. It is a real awareness
of God, desiring and loving Him, beyond concepts, feelings and
Sacred Reading: The Ancient Art of Lectio Divina by
Michael Casey, OCSO, Liguori Publications, 1997.
"Accepting the Embrace of God: The Ancient Art of Lectio Divina"
by Luke Dysinger, OSB. You can read or download the article here.
Praying Scripture for a Change: An Introduction to Lectio
Divina by Dr. Tim Gray, Ascension Press, 2009.